This rootstock is considered a dwarf, but it is more vigorous and hardy than other Malling varieties. Generally free standing, but with a heavy fruit set it can lean in windy areas. Considered shallow rooted, it is subject to drought stress, with little tolerance of heavy, excessively acid, or unusually wet or dry soils. Proper irrigation management is necessary for trees on this rootstock. Disease and pest resistance varies by region and amount of pressure.